Python exercise : Find number of vowels in given string





Python exercise

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Episode: 2 
Level: Beginner 

If you have any given string like S="Hello World" write Python 3 function which returns number of vowels in that string.

S="Hello World"
Vowels are a, e, i, u, o


function totalVowels(str):
    # your code here

Please comment your answer.


You can also, instead of using predefined string, let user type any string. How would you do that?


Expand solution

First solution is to use for loop.

 L = ["a","e","i","o","u"]  
 s = "Hello World"  
 s = s.lower()  
 counter = 0  
 for i in range(len(s)):  
   if s[i] in L:  
     counter += 1  
 print("Your string has "+ str(counter)+" vowels.")  


A bit more elegant solution which executes faster is to use list comprehensions.

 def totalVowels(str):  
   vowels=['a','e','i','o','u']  
   counter=[l for l in str.lower() if l in vowels]  
   return len(counter)  
 print("Your string has " + str(totalVowels("Hello World")) + " vowels.")  





Thank you.

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